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26 CFOA Philosophies

Blocking Philosophies

Chapter 26. CFOA Philosophies
Pg. 108

Takedowns at the point of attack, those
in the open field, within the tackle box
and affecting the result of the play create
special focus and should be called in
those situations.
If there is a potential offensive holding
but the action occurs clearly away from
the point of attack and has no (or could
have no) effect on the play, offensive
holding should not be called.
If there is a potential for defensive
holding but the action occurs clearly
away from the point of attack and has
no (or could have no) effect on the play,
defensive holding should not be called.
Example: A defensive back on the
opposite side of the field holding a wide
receiver on a designed run play to the
other side.
For blocks in the back, if one hand
is on the number and the other hand is
on the side and the initial force is on the
number, it is a block in the back. The
force of the block could be slight and still
a foul if the contact propels the player
past the runner or prevents him from
making the play. If the force is clearly on
the side, it is not a foul. If the blocker is in
a “chase mode” all the action must be on
the side.
Blocks that start on the side and
subsequently end up in the back are not
fouls as long as contact is maintained
throughout the block.
Blocks in the back which occur at or
about the same time a runner is being
tackled shall not be called, unless they are
a personal foul.
A grab of the receiver’s jersey that
restricts the receiver and takes away
his feet should be defensive holding if
other criteria are met, and could also be
defensive pass interference.
Holding can be called even if the
quarterback is subsequently sacked as it
may be the other half of a double foul.
An illegal block in the back can still be
called on fair catches, but not if the illegal
block occurs away from the play as the
fair catch is being made or the touchback
occurs and contact is slight (personal foul
type actions should always be called).
Blocks in the back that are personal
fouls in nature should be called regardless
of their timing relative to the runner being
Rarely should you have a hold on
a double team block unless there is a
takedown or the defender breaks the
double team and is pulled back.
When in question:
• If an illegal block occurs in the end
zone or field of play, it occurs in the field
of play.
• It is legal use of the hands rather than
holding or illegal use of the hands.
• The contact is below the waist (for
blocking below the waist and block in
the back).
• It is a block at the side rather than
behind (for block in the back or clipping).
• As to disintegration of the free blocking
zone, assume it is intact.
• The contact is at the knees or below
(for chop block).
• A player has been blocked out of
bounds by an opponent.