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Archive for May, 2017

Between Downs – Umpire

Chapter 21. Between Downs P. 95 Umpire As dead-ball officiating is being conducted, the Umpire must move promptly to retrieve the ball. The Umpire should know how each center wants the laces of the ball positioned. While the center may rotate the ball, asking for a preference is a form of preventive officiating. The closer […]

Between Downs – Referee

Chapter 21. Between Downs Pg. 94 Referee As dead-ball officiating is being conducted, the Referee must check the line-to-gain. Assuming it is not a first down or close enough to measure, he announces the next down and approximate distance. He must check the down box for the correct down. Next is the ready for play […]

Between Downs – General

Chapter 21. Between Downs Pg. 94 The time interval between plays is crucial to officials because that is when the groundwork is laid for officiating the next play. Each official has specific duties and priorities while the ball is dead. The first priority for all officials when the previous play ends is deadball officiating. Dead-ball […]

Halo Principle

Chapter 20. Halo Principle Pg 92 The halo principle is designed to not only provide coverage when the ball is in those areas, but to ensure that all 22 players are observed on every play. When a player is in possession of the ball (or the ball is loose on the ground, such as a […]


Chapter 19. Fumbles Pg. 90 Officials have specific duties when a pile forms on top of a fumble. The ball will be spotted and the process will be much simpler if each crew member does his job. When an official sees a fumble, he must drop a bean bag at the yard line at which […]

Forward Progress – QB Sack

Chapter 18. Forward Progress Pg. 87 Quarterback Sacks The Referee will almost always be responsible for progress spots on quarterback sacks since the wing officials are likely downfield on pass coverage. Many times the Referee has a poor angle for progress and his greatest priority is ruling on a possible fumble and watching for personal […]

Forward Progress – Inbounds Plays

Chapter 18. Forward Progress Pg. 86 Inbounds Plays The first scenario that requires judgment is when the runner is swarmed upright by several defensive players. When the runner’s voluntary movement appears to be stopped and the ball is in his possession, the covering official should hesitate briefly to ensure the runner has indeed been stopped […]

Forward Progress

Chapter 18. Forward Progress Pg. 86 Correctly marking forward progress throughout the game isone of the most important responsibilities of officiating. Unless the play ends in a score or a touchback, forward progress must be determined on every play. Every runner’s progress is exactly the same: The forward-most part of the ball when it’s declared […]

Forward Progress – Cross Field Mechanics

Chapter 18. Forward Progress Pg. 88 Cross Field Mechanic The cross field mechanic refers to a procedure in which the wing official looks across the field to the opposite wing official for forward progress when he is unable to get to the spot or does not have a spot. When that situation occurs the involved […]

Forward Progress – Procedure

Chapter 18. Forward Progress Pg. 88 Procedure The wing officials are primarily responsible for forward progress. Progress should be indicated by using the downfield foot. Keep your head up and observe players while marking a spot. Do not go around or jump over players to mark progress. Move into the field until you approach players, […]